Montag, 6. April 2015

Jemen - who's who?

Zu den Akteuren im Jemen eine Übersicht von IRIN (mehr unter dem Link):

Ali Abdullah Saleh ruled Yemen as president for 33 years until 2011, when he agreed to leave office after 10 months of violence following Arab Spring-inspired protests. 

Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi is the internationally-recognised president of Yemen. He was Saleh’s deputy and took over the top job in 2012 after winning an election in which he was the sole candidate. 

The Houthis - who refer to themselves as Ansar Allah (“supporters or partisans of Allah”) - belong to the Zaydi sect of Shia Islam followed by around a third of the Yemeni population. 

Saudi Arabia, which has been propping up Yemen’s economy for years but cut aid after the Houthi seizure of Sana'a, launched airstrikes in March - under the tag “Operation Decisive Storm” - to stop the advance of the Houthi rebels, whom it regards as a proxy for its regional nemesis Iran. 

Iran is widely reported to be pulling the strings of the Houthis in their fight against Saudi-backed Hadi, but, so far, beyond media reports about weapons and money being set to the rebel group, there is little evidence to support these claims.

Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) – or Ansar al-Sharia as they call themselves – has been involved in a number of terror strikes around the world - including the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris - and several kidnappings and killings within Yemen in recent years.
Und eine von der Deutschen Welle ("Was Sie über den Jemen wissen sollten") und der Tagesschau ("Die Akteure im Jemen")

Äußerst empfehlenswert in diesem Zusammenhang: "The Houthi Enigma" auf The New York Review of Books bzw. PBS Frontline.

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