Mittwoch, 6. März 2013

Al-Qaida gibt Tipps zur Drohnenabwehr

Terroristische Ambitionen, aber Angst vor den allgegenwärtigen und tödlichen Angriffen unbemannter bewaffneter Flugvehikel (UCAV), besser bekannt als Drohnen?

Die Nachrichtenagentur The Associated Press hat im Zuge der französischen Offensive in Mali ein Handbuch zum Umgang mit den ferngesteuerten Flugkörpern gefunden, welches den Anhängern eine Möglichkeit geben soll, die tödliche Kapazität der Drohnen zu schmälern. Darunter sind so hilfreiche Basis-Tipps, wie das Verstecken unter Bäumen, oder die Störung der UCAV-Elektronik mit Mikrowellen, aber auch die hohe Schule der Irreführung mit Hilfe von Puppen und Statuen. Ganz wichtig: Auf´s Auto verzichten!

1 – It is possible to know the intention and the mission of the drone by using the Russianmade “sky grabber” device to infiltrate the drone’s waves and the frequencies. The device is available in the market for $2,595 and the one who operates it should be a computerknow-how.

2 – Using devices that broadcast frequencies or pack of frequencies to disconnect the contacts and confuse the frequencies used to control the drone. The Mujahideen have had successful experiments using the Russian-made “Racal.”

3 – Spreading the reflective pieces of glass on a car or on the roof of the building.

4 – Placing a group of skilled snipers to hunt the drone, especially the reconnaissance ones because they fly low, about six kilometers or less.

5 – Jamming of and confusing of electronic communication using the ordinary water-lifting dynamo fitted with a 30-meter copper pole.

6 – Jamming of and confusing of electronic communication using old equipment and keeping them 24-hour running because of their strong frequencies and it is possible using simple ideas of deception of equipment to attract the electronic waves devices similar to that used by the Yugoslav army when they used the microwave (oven) in attracting and confusing the NATO missiles fitted with electromagnetic searching devices.

7 – Using general confusion methods and not to use permanent headquarters.

8 – Discovering the presence of a drone through well-placed reconnaissance networks and to warn all the formations to halt any movement in the area.

9 – To hide from being directly or indirectly spotted, especially at night.

10 – To hide under thick trees because they are the best cover against the planes.

11 – To stay in places unlit by the sun such as the shadows of the buildings or the trees.

12 – Maintain complete silence of all wireless contacts.

13 – Disembark of vehicles and keep away from them especially when being chased or during combat.

14 – To deceive the drone by entering places of multiple entrances and exits.

15 – Using underground shelters because the missiles fired by these planes are usually of the fragmented anti-personnel and not anti-buildings type.

16 – To avoid gathering in open areas and in urgent cases, use building of multiple doors or exits.

17 – Forming anti-spies groups to look for spies and agents.

18 – Formation of fake gatherings such as using dolls and statutes to be placed outside false ditches to mislead the enemy.

19 – When discovering that a drone is after a car, leave the car immediately and everyone should go in different direction because the planes are unable to get after everyone.

20 – Using natural barricades like forests and caves when there is an urgent need for training or gathering.

21 – In frequently targeted areas, use smoke as cover by burning tires.

22 – As for the leaders or those sought after, they should not use communications equipment because the enemy usually keeps a voice tag through which they can identify the speaking person and then locate him.

Die folgenden Worte des Dokuments zeigen anschaulich, dass Militante Drohnen aufgrund ihrer Präsenz und Anonymität als besondere Herausforderung betrachten:
I think these measures are capable, with God’s help, of disabling the new strategy of the American army at the medium or long-range levels. This is not all we have. [...] We start kidnapping Western citizens in any spot in the world, whether in the Islamic Maghreb, Egypt, Iraq or any other easy kidnapping places and the only demand is the halt of attacks on civilians in Yemen which is a just and humanitarian demand that will create world support and a public opinion pressure in America as they are being hurt again. We, therefore, aim at the core of the nation’s strategy which if failed, America, will accordingly collapse. We also are taking part in laying a block in the promising Islamic State in the Arab peninsula.
Doch nicht nur die passive Drohnenabwehr wird ständig weiterentwickelt. Nach Berichten von US-Medien sorgen sich Geheimdienste und Militär auch um Anstrengungen Al-Qaidas, Drohnen aktiv zu zerstören oder auf eine andere Art unschädlich zu machen:
Other projects in the works included the development of observation balloons and small radio-controlled aircraft, or hobby planes, which insurgents apparently saw as having potential for monitoring the flight patterns of U.S. drones, according to the report.

Gepaart mit dem Wissen über die Frustration und Wut, welche verfehlte Drohnenschläge bei Zivilisten hervorrufen und aufgrund der Notwendigkeit der geheimen Aufklärung lokale Bewohner zu Opfern von Vergeltungsmaßnahmen werden, sollten die UACVs eigentlich keine so goldene Zukunft haben. 

Doch alleine die Kostenstruktur und die in Aussicht gestellte autonome Kriegsführung dürfte für die Regierungen in aller Welt Grund genug für eine schnelle Anschaffung sein. Zur bisherigen Verbreitung von Drohnen eine interaktive Grafik des britischen guardian vom August vergangenen Jahres (die Zahlen dürften teilweise schon wieder überholt, d.h. höher, sein):

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